By Seth Hochman
Co-Editor In Chief
Biannually, Americans change their clock by one hour. In the spring, the clocks are moved forward one hour while in the fall, clocks are moved back. This change happens at 2 AM in the morning both times, with in the spring the time moving to 3 AM, losing people an hour of sleep, and in the fall, clocks fall back to 1 AM, allowing people to sleep for one more hour. While most people know what daylight savings time is, many don’t know why it is in place.
Daylight savings time began formally during World War 1 to save coal because if the clocks were aligned better with the sunlight, then less coal would be wasted during time that it was not necessary to use. After World War 1, the practice of observing daylight savings time lapsed. It began again during the next major American war, World War 2. During World War 2, the focus of the change in daylight savings time was farming because the government wanted greater agricultural production and to improve the economy. The government theorized that this would happen because if the farmers had more time with the sun, they would produce more.
After World War 2, it continued to be in place and has maintained throughout the years. More than seventy countries now have daylight savings time, and forty eight states practice it. The only states that do not observe this common practice are Hawaii and Arizona.